PLANTING & CARE
1) Dig a hole 12-18" deep and equally as wide.
2) Build a mound of soil in the bottom of the hole to place the roots on. Grown on their own root these dormant bare-root roses should be positioned atop the mound so that the existing soil line on the stems is are ground level. Fill in or remove soil from the mound to achieve this. (In colder regions, the bud union may be planted 2" below ground level).
3) Fill the hole half-way full with soil, firm around the roots and then fill the planting hole with water. After the water has soaked in, fill the remainder of the hole with soil and water again.
4) Mound soil over one-quarter of the length of the canes, and water one more time. (If not already pre-pruned for you, for best results, cut back all canes to 3-4" above the soil line.) As buds begin emerging, gradually loosen the soil away from the canes to ground level.
Roses are heavy feeders, especially when in active growth and bloom. We recommend feeding with appropriate plant food. Apply at a rate of 5 lbs per 100 square feet of garden. It is also for use on seeded plantings. After the seeds have emerged, broadcast our general purpose over the desired area at above rate and incorporate into the soil.
Roses like a loose soil surface so that water can penetrate easily to their roots. Cultivate just deep enough to keep the soil loose and free of weeds.
Apply a 2-4" layer of shredded bark, compost or other organic mulch around your plants to promote moisture retention, maintain even soil temperatures, and to discourage weed growth.
Keep the area around your plants free of weeds. Weeds compete with all plants for food, water and light. Walk around the garden periodically and pull weeds, including the roots as soon as you see them. Mulch also assists in keeping weeds down.
Improves the size, quality, and color of blooms and maintains a healthy, happy plant for many years. Remove spent blossoms to promote additional blooming. Pinch or cut-off the blooms when they have faded, but leave as much foliage as possible. Keep the center of any bush open for air circulation by pruning off inner branches and any that are damaged or unsightly.
Add 1 tablespoon of general purpose to the soil in hole and mix thoroughly before planting the transplant. Scratch fertilizer at above rate into surface once they start flowering/fruiting. For existing garden, broadcast around existing plants and incorporate into soil at the above rate. Apply at the beginning of growing season and again when plants start to bear vegetables.
Protect plants in the garden after the ground has frozen. At that time, apply a winter mulch of evergreen boughs, straws or leaves to prevent lifting of the plant's roots during alternating periods of freezing and thawing. You can move any container grown plant to an unheated protected area over winter. A garage is excellent. Even moving containers next to your home's foundation, preferably the south side will increase its hardiness range by at least two planting zones.
As soon as the weather warms up in the spring remove any mulch from in-ground plantings. At the same time be sure to prune off any dead wood. This is also the right time to bring any containerized plant back out into the garden sunlight where it will immediately begin to repeat its yearly garden performance.