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1400s - 1600s Silver Circulated Hungary's Madonna & Child Denar Coin w/ Display Box - 435-275


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435-275 - 1400s - 1600s Silver Circulated Hungary's Madonna & Child Denar Coin w/ Display Box
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1400s - 1600s Silver Circulated Hungary's Madonna & Child Denar Coin w/ Display Box

Known as "Maddonnenmunzen", to differentiate them from earlier medieval Hungarian "Shield Coins", the new design heralded the beginning of the Renaissance in Hungary. Unlike earlier European medieval coins, this coin type was one of the first to feature a full date, although it is commonly obscured or off the flan due to the crude manufacturing methods. When visible, some show dates below the Madonna, while others (before 1570) are dated above the Coat of Arms.

This is considered to be one of the most revered coins of its time. Few survived the passage of the centuries. This coin was minted in Hungary from the late 1400's until the early 1600's. Although constantly at war with the Ottoman Empire, Hungary was prosperous and maintained good silver coinage throughout the period. The Madonna and Child motif was introduced during the reign of King Matthias Corvinus (1458-1490). They are the first coins of Hungary to portray these images.

This religious design would become the signature design for Hungary's coins for several centuries - both a sign of piety and an act of defiance toward the enemy Ottoman Turks. The complex Coat of Arms saw continuous change over several centuries. Finally, the Hapsburg King Rudolph (1576-1608) combined the many variations into a single Coat of Arms. The silver Hungarian denar coins features an image of the baby Jesus in the arms of the Madonna, the Patron Saint of Hungary, on the obverse, with the legend "Patrona Hungarie" surrounding. On the reverse is the Royal Coat of Arms.

Specifications:

  • Coin Type: Madonna & Child Denar Coin
  • Grade: Circulated
  • Diameter: 15-16mm
  • Mintage Year: 1400-1600
  • Obverse: Madonna and baby Jesus
  • Reverse: Royal coat of arms
  • Distributed by American Collectors Mint, LLC.


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    Coin Glossary:

    Die: An engraved piece of metal used to stamp a design on a coin.

    Die crack: A small, raised imperfection on a coin resulting from a crack in the stamping die.

    Early release: The Numismatic Guaranty Corporation (NGC) uses this designation for U.S. Bullion Coins during the first month of release from the U.S. Mint. To qualify for Early Release designation, NGC must receive the coins within 30 days of their release by the US Mint or properly documented as being received by an NGC approved entity within the same 30-day release period.

    Encapsulated coin: A coin graded and authenticated by a professional coin service, then sealed in plastic.

    Field: The typically flat area surrounding the relief and not used for legend or inscription.

    Legal tender: Official money issued by the government.

    Legend: The coin's primary lettering.

    Lettered edge: An inscription added to the edge of a coin.

    Luster: The quality of the surface brilliance on a Mint State or Uncirculated coin.

    Mercury dime: Issued from 1916 to 1945, this U.S. dime featured a representation of Liberty in a winged hat that was commonly mistaken for the ancient god, Mercury.

    Mint: A government controlled coin production facility.

    Mint mark: A small letter stamped on a coin that indicates its mint origin, ex. "D" for Denver.

    Mint Set: One coin from each of the available denominations in a particular year, produced by a single mint and made for circulation.

    Mint State (Uncirculated): A regular production coin never used in trade and existing in its original condition.

    Mintage: The number of coins produced.

    NGC: Numismatic Guaranty Corporation.

    Numismatics: The collection and study of monetary objects such as coins and paper bills.

    Obverse: Heads, or a coin's front side.

    Patina: Surface discoloration, typically green or brown, caused by oxidation over time.

    PCGS: Professional Coin Grading Service.

    Planchet: A blank metal piece used to produce a coin.

    Proof: Expertly polished planchets and dies produce these coins which feature an extremely high quality strike, resulting in unmatched detail and brilliant surface finish.

    Reeded edge: A coin edge finish featuring parallel vertical grooves all the way around.

    Relief: The raised portion of a stamped design that sits above the coin's field.

    Reverse: Tails, or coin's back side.

    Rim: The raised ring around the perimeter of a coin designed to reduce wear on the relief.

    Strike: The act of stamping a coin.

    Truncation: The bottom edge of a portrait or bust.

    Wheat penny: Lincoln cents issued from 1909 to 1958 bearing the wheat ear design on the reverse.




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